July 21, 2024


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Hofkeller in Würzburg, One of the Oldest Wineries in the World

Proper underneath the Royal Home, the Hofkeller in Würzburg (the Court docket Cellar of the previous Prince Bishop, today the Royal Bavarian Courtroom Cellar) is a laby­rin­thine cellar masking 4,557 m². Bavaria’s beer has quite a few types, and Bavarian events these kinds of as Oktoberfest make its beer world-famous. That’s why, I am fascinated in being aware of why Würzburg, a significant Bavarian metropolis, has these an outstanding wine cellar working for around 8 hundreds of years.

The cellar tour took put on the past day of our Franconia weekend vacation. Due to the fact the cellar is under the Würzburg Home, it is uncomplicated to blend with the stop by to the grandiose castle. Involving massive wine barrels and corridors dimly lit by candlelight, we have realized fascinating details about the stronghold of Franconian viticulture. The wine cellar stretches around 1 kilometre in winding corridors through the earth. If you take a look at the Franconian wine metropolis of Würzburg, you need to not overlook this labyrinth where fine wines experienced.

A limited quick of Heritage

The results story of the Hofkellar began in 1128 when the Bishop of Würzburg Embricho donated a plot of land in Zell for the monastery design. That was also the commencing of perform in the vineyard and in the cellar.

In 1540, Franconia developed the best wine of the earlier centuries. In 1684 for the duration of the Swedish War, the Swedes created a new barrel to help save wine from 1540. That barrel is now the oldest in the cellar. Nearly two centuries afterwards, in 1719, Prince Bishop Schönborn commissioned the building of the Würzburg Home and purchased an great wine cellar to be bundled in the plans.

A single year later on, the cellar design began. And due to the fact 1814, Würzburg has turn out to be part of Bavaria. The Prince Bishop’s Hofkeller, later the Royal Bavarian Hofkeller, and now the Bavarian Condition Winery (Staatlicher Hofkeller Würzburg), have generally been owned by the then existing ruling ability.

Famous wine yr 1540

Our tour information was a witty particular person who shipped a dry sense of humour. Within 45 minutes, he narrated numerous concealed stories about the wine.

Simply because of the ideal climate and other aspects, the wine from 1540 was the ideal in the winery’s record. When the 30-yr Swedish War started off, Sweden developed a barrel to hold the relaxation of the wine from that calendar year. That barrel is nonetheless in the cellar.

Later in 1814, the land of Würzburg belonged to Bavaria, and so did the vineyard. When Bavaria King Ludwig II acquired to know the previous barrel, he claimed the barrel was not securely stored. Therefore, he moved the wine to his home but bought the bulk of the wine in bottles secretly. King Ludwig II used the money to finance his fairy tale castle near Munich. On the King’s dying, the Bavaria governing administration bought most of his assets, such as the 1540 wine, to repay his credit card debt.

A Jewish wine trader Simon from Wiesbaden in Germany acquired all 1540 wine bottles. Through the Planet War, he escaped to London and opened a wine store to promote his wine collections. Regretably, Hitler also bombed London, and so did his wine shop. Following the war, his descendants cleared absent the ruins and identified some 1540 wine bottles intact inside of a safe basement cellar.

Then, the family invited 10 world-popular connoisseurs of wine to identify the origin of the wine. Nonetheless, the connoisseurs could only consume the first glass of wine. The rest wine received oxidized so rapidly that it tasted like vinegar. Having recognized the wine, the household determined to send out the rest two bottles back to Hofkellar in Würzburg.

Amazingly, Hofkellar did not imagine the bottles contained the wine from 1540. At the time, two hospitals, which operated two other wineries in Würzburg, opened a person bottle and verified the wine was from 1540 following tasting. The second bottle grew to become the final recognized and remaining complete bottle from this legendary vintage. 1 of the two hospitals is an elderly home these days and keeps the final bottle in its basement. 

The large wine barrier and the sponsored wine barrels

The barrels in the cellar can comprise up to 1200 litres of wine just about every. Many barrels in Hofkellar in Würzburg carry sponsorship. The sponsors’ names, possibly business names or non-public people, are printed on the barrels. Each individual 12 months, the Hofkellar in Würzburg invites the sponsors to flavor the new wine.

At the end of the cellar tour, our group passed a substantial wine barrier. In the Center Ages, servants acquired paid out by wine, the liquid salary. At that time, men and women drank wine much more frequently than sometimes contaminated water. Those people court docket servants who had a very good partnership with the wine learn could get the wine of excellent high quality. Consequently, the cellar crafted a 50000-litre huge barrel and saved wines blended with several grades of excellent. All servants got the wine from the very same barrel.

Kinds of Wines from Hofkeller in Würzburg

Due to the fact of the local climate problem, wineries in the Würzburg location make mainly white wines. The excellent of wines is categorized by the harvest amount and the harvest area of the grapes, the VDP-unique classifications. The Verband Deutscher Prädikatsweingüter (VDP) is a German business that encourages the country’s leading wines and estates. In normal, there are four styles of wine: VDP. GROSSE LAGE, VDP.ERSTE LAGE, VDP.ORTSWEINE, and VDP.GUTSTEIN.

  • VDP.GROSSE LAGE wine distinguishes the best high-quality German vineyards and makes use of grape versions common for the region that matching the requirements of that person vineyard. 
  • VDP.ERSTE LAGE expresses the character of a vineyard. 
  • VDP.ORTSWEINE wine is bottled from regional grape versions. 
  • VDP.GUTSWEIN wine is a distinctive signature of winegrowers. They are usually the first wines of a wine year to be bottled and bought. The wines grow in the winery’s vineyards. 

At the conclusion of the guided tour, we tasted the VDP. ERSTE LAGE. Obtaining stayed in Bamberg for a few days, I can say that the wines from Würzburg are the ideal Franconian food items pairing consume.

Journey Suggestions for Hofkeller in Würzburg

Be a part of a tour

Presently, unique man or woman can only be a part of a German-guided cellar tour. English guided tour is obtainable for the teams. But you can join a Guided Walking Tour with Franconian Wine to examine the aged city and the wine for a compact price range. In the winery’s store, you can acquire all wines described higher than. 

How to get to Würzburg by teach

Würzburg is only about just one hour by prepare from Frankfurt and is consequently a great working day trip place from Frankfurt. Information on the railway you can uncover on www.bahn.com. It is an somewhere around 20-minute stroll from the station to the Würzburg Home.

How to get to Würzburg by automobile

  • From the A7 coming from Ulm – get the Kitzingen exit and carry on on the B8 through Biebelried to Würzburg.  
  • From the A7 coming from Kassel – get the Estenfeld exit and carry on on the B19 twin carriageway to Würzburg (ca. 7 km). 
  • From the A3 coming from Nuremberg – get the Rottendorf exit and continue on on the B8 to Würzburg. 
  • From the A3 coming from Frankfurt – consider the Heidingsfeld exit.

In entrance of the Würzburg Home, the Home auto park (“Parkplatz Residenz”) 400 parking destinations. 

Where to remain in Würzburg

Several hotels are in the old city, in going for walks length from the Würzburg Residence and Hofkeller and to the Marienberg Fortification.