May 25, 2024


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$300 weekly unemployment checks are back in business — possibly. Here’s today’s update


More weekly unemployment relief might be coming soon.

Angela Lang/CNET

A number of enhanced unemployment benefits expire soon unless Congress can pass a new economic relief package before the end of December. Negotiators are still discussing the potential contents of the package, including the possibility of four additional months of $300 weekly bonus checks for unemployed workers. The leading bipartisan proposal has the support of President-elect Joe Biden and many officials in Washington. But there is no guarantee Congress will act by the end of the year.

If the proposal passes as-is, money would be earmarked for local and state governments, fund the Paycheck Protection Program and help pay for the development and distribution of the COVID-19 vaccine. A second stimulus payment is not part of the proposal, but has returned to the conversation this week.

For more on additional unemployment benefits, keep reading. We recently updated this story.

Read more: Coronavirus unemployment: Who is covered, how to apply and how much it pays

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Next stimulus checks: What to expect


What if unemployment benefits expire without a new bill?

According to a report by the New York Times last week, without a new stimulus bill to extend the programs established by the CARES Act:

  • 7 million gig workers and contractors will lose benefits 
  • 5 million will run out of unemployment checks 
  • Several million will face evictions 
  • Approximately 21 million will need to start making student loan payments 
  • 125,000 companies will lose tax incentives to not lay off workers
  • $150 billion of aid to state and local government will expire 

The US government is currently in a lame-duck session until Biden takes office on Jan. 20, meaning President Donald Trump would need to sign off on any relief package that comes through Congress, which is right now the only way to extend the enhanced unemployment benefits before they expire on Dec. 31


Tens of millions of Americans face dire financial straits.

Sarah Tew/CNET

What else ends without another stimulus bill?

Unemployed workers received a bonus of $600 a week along with an extended period to collect benefits as part of the CARES Act. When the bonus expired in July, Trump signed an executive memo restarting a reduced amount of the extra weekly funds, on top of the typical unemployment benefits. 

Those funds are known as Lost Wage Assistance, or LWA, and the intent was for the aid to last for six weeks, providing an extra $300 a week to unemployed workers (plus $100 from states) while Congress continued negotiations to pass a new economic relief package. States have already depleted their resources. The revised Heroes Act from Oct. 1 would bump the weekly bonus back up to the original $600 for four months. 

The CARES Act established multiple programs with an expiration date of Dec. 31. In addition to the larger checks described above, the rescue bill also extended unemployment benefits for new claimants to 39 weeks instead of the typical 26 weeks established by the states. Those extra weeks will disappear except in those states that already established a longer period of time through 2021. 

Another program set to expire on Dec. 31 is the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program. Self-employed workers contractors and gig workers normally don’t receive unemployment benefits, but PUA allows them to receive weekly funds similar to other unemployed workers.

What happened to the $300 checks?

Again, Trump’s executive memo signed on Aug. 8 reinstated a bonus weekly check of $300 referred to as Lost Wage Assistance (LWA) funded by the federal government through FEMA. The order also called for an additional $100 provided by the states, to make a total of $400 in enhanced unemployment pay, though that’s since been made optional.

States began sending the $300 checks in mid-August with some sending them out over the course of six weeks while others provided lump sums to equate the $1,800 total. As of December, all states have exhausted their allotted LWA funding. 

Why were unemployment benefits enhanced anyway?

Congress passed the $2.2 trillion CARES Act in March to help Americans and US businesses after cities began locking down due to the pandemic. Included in the package was additional unemployment aid for people who lost their jobs because of the pandemic. 

Since shelter-in-place rules were put in place, tens of millions of Americans have received the extra federal unemployment aid. With states providing between $235 and $1,220 per week in assistance, the additional $600 per week has been a major component of many people’s financial survival. 

Who qualified for enhanced unemployment benefits? 

If you’ve been laid off or furloughed, you’re eligible to apply for unemployment benefits from the state where you live. Once the state approves your claim, you’re eligible to receive whatever state benefits you’re entitled to. Because states cover 30% to 50% of a person’s wages — some states provide more while others offer less — the extra $600 from the federal government was added on to help fill the gap. 

How did the CARES Act support people who were laid off or furloughed? 

Each state has its own criteria for who is eligible to receive unemployment and what those benefits entail. This includes how much money you’re eligible to receive, which is usually based on your income, and how long you’re eligible to receive it, which is usually based on how long you held your most recent job. The CARES Act provided a booster fund — adding up to $600 extra per week — while also extending states’ unemployment benefits to a maximum of 39 weeks instead of the typical 26 weeks. 


For millions of Americans, time is running out.

Sarah Tew/CNET

Who wasn’t eligible for the extra unemployment money?

There will be some people receiving unemployment payments who will not be able to take advantage of additional funding. The US Department of Labor on Aug. 11 sent out guidance about the eligibility requirements for the LWA. Claimants would have to be eligible for a minimum $100 from a state’s unemployment benefits program to qualify for the additional $300 federal funds. This would disqualify 1 million people, according to the New York Times

How are unemployment benefits calculated?

The state determines how much each applicant will receive, usually based on an individual’s gross income. It varies from state to state, but is typically between $300 and $600. 

How can I find out if I qualified for unemployment insurance?

Eligibility criteria vary from state to state, but the general rule is that you should apply if you’ve lost your job or been furloughed through no fault of your own. This would include a job lost directly or indirectly to the current pandemic. 

How are different states handling the unemployment benefits?

Again, the benefit duration and amount have varied. Most states provide up to 26 weeks of funding, though others, such as Georgia, limited benefits to 12 weeks. On the other hand, Delaware extended benefits for up to 30 weeks. The weekly benefit amount depends on an applicant’s gross income when they were employed and ranges between $300 and $600, with some exceptions. Mississippi had paid up to $235, while Massachusetts’ maximum has been $1,220.

Where can I get more details about my state’s policy?

Each state’s labor office provides more information about its particular unemployment benefits.

How did the CARES Act help people who are self-employed? 

The CARES Act also created the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program, which provides benefits to individuals who would not normally be eligible for unemployment benefits from the states such as gig workers, freelancers, independent contractors and small business owners whose income has been affected by the pandemic. Under the CARES Act, PUA funding will be available until Dec. 31.