March 4, 2024

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Montgomery County Expands Its ‘Ban-the-Box’ Law

Maryland’s Montgomery County has enacted an modification to the county’s ban-the-box laws that improves constraints on businesses through the choosing procedure. The Amendment will acquire impact on February 19, 2021.

The initial Montgomery County ordinance, which took influence on January 1, 2015, prohibits businesses with at the very least 15 complete-time staff in Montgomery County from conducting a criminal qualifications examine on a career applicant, or otherwise inquiring about the felony or arrest history of an applicant, prior to the completion of a initial job interview. (See our post, Maryland, Missouri Localities Enact Ban-the-Box Laws Limiting Private Employers’ Prison Track record Inquiries on Candidates.) The new amendment appreciably expands this restriction and covers smaller sized employers.

Restrictions, Exemptions, and Requirements

Beneath the Modification, companies (together with the Montgomery County government) with at the very least one particular staff (not minimal to whole-timers) in Montgomery County may possibly not demand a task applicant to disclose (or check with a job applicant or many others) whether or not the applicant has an arrest file or conviction document or has been accused of a crime or conduct a felony file examine on the applicant right before a conditional present of work, unless the employer is covered by an relevant exemption beneath the regulation. For case in point, if an previously inquiry is required by an additional federal or state regulation or nearby regulation, an employer could do so. Employers that offer plans, services, or immediate care related to minors or vulnerable grown ups also are exempt.

In addition, the Amendment gives that at no time can an employer demand an applicant to disclose no matter if:

1. The applicant has been arrested, or has an arrest history, for a make a difference that did not final result in a conviction or

2. The applicant has an arrest history or a conviction history for, or if not has been accused of:

a. A 1st conviction for:

i. Trespass (underneath Sections 6-402 or 6-403 of the Criminal Regulation Short article of the Maryland Code)

ii. Disturbance of the peace (beneath Section 10-201 of the Prison Law Article of the Maryland Code) or

iii. Assault in the next diploma (under Portion 3-203 of the Felony Regulation Posting of the Maryland Code)

b. A conviction of a misdemeanor if at least a few yrs have passed because:

i. The date of the conviction and

ii. The day that any period of incarceration for the misdemeanor finished or

c. A subject for which information:

i. Are confidential underneath Segment 3-8A-27 of the Courts and Judicial Proceedings Write-up of the Maryland Code or

ii. Have been expunged beneath Sections 10-101-10-110 of the Legal Course of action Post of the Maryland Code.

The Amendment expressly prohibits businesses from contemplating particular goods relating to private and expunged conviction records when building employing alternatives and even when building advertising choices.

Employers also are prohibited from retaliating in opposition to anybody alleging a violation of the Modification or testifying, assisting, or participating in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing connected to a violation of the Amendment.

The Modification does not avoid companies from pursuing a dialogue with an applicant about the existence of a conviction or arrest history when voluntarily disclosed by the applicant and it is not if not in reaction to a issue by the employer. Employers, however, have to have to be mindful of any legal concerns in advance of making an work decision, in total or in portion, dependent upon this kind of information and facts, including what techniques may possibly be expected below track record look at legal guidelines.

The Modification does not implement to the United States, any point out, or any other nearby governing administration, other than the Montgomery County governing administration.

Enforcement and Penalties

The Montgomery County Govt Director is approved to implement the Modification and is needed to undertake rules to notify future staff and businesses of their rights and obligations beneath the Modification. To date, those people regulations have not been published.

Any human being aggrieved by an employer beneath the Modification and Ordinance can file a grievance with the Government Director. Damages and penalties obtainable less than the Ordinance are available to aggrieved individuals for violations of the Amendment. Under the Ordinance, companies (other than the County) also are subject matter to civil penalties for violations of up to $1,000 for each individual violation.

Condition and Other Regional Ban-the-Box Guidelines

Maryland enacted a point out-wide ban-the-box regulation that took impact on February 29, 2020. (See our short article, Maryland Turns into Most recent State to ‘Ban the Box’.) Baltimore City and Prince George’s County also have their individual ban-the-box regulations.


Jackson Lewis P.C. © 2020
National Legislation Assessment, Volume X, Amount 342